Javascript 技巧大全

Event 事件

事件源对象
event.srcElement.tagName
event.srcElement.type
捕获释放
event.srcElement.setCapture();
event.srcElement.releaseCapture();
事件按键
event.keyCode
event.shiftKey
event.altKey
event.ctrlKey
事件返回值
event.returnValue
鼠标位置
event.x
event.y

document 对象

窗体活动元素
document.activeElement
绑定事件
document.captureEvents(Event.KEYDOWN);
访问窗体元素
document.all(“txt”).focus();
document.all(“txt”).select();
窗体命令
document.execCommand
窗体COOKIE
document.cookie
菜单事件
document.oncontextmenu
创建元素
document.createElement(“SPAN”);
根据鼠标获得元素
document.elementFromPoint(event.x,event.y).tagName==”TD”
document.elementFromPoint(event.x,event.y).appendChild(ms)
窗体图片
document.images[索引]
窗体事件绑定
document.onmousedown=scrollwindow;
元素
document.窗体.elements[索引]
对象绑定事件
document.all.xxx.detachEvent(‘onclick’,a);
HTML标签
document.documentElement.innerHTML
第一个style标签
document.styleSheets[0]
style标签里的第一个样式
document.styleSheets[0].rules[0]
获取选中内容
document.selection.createRange().duplicate().text

插件数目
navigator.plugins
取变量类型
typeof($js_libpath) == “undefined”
下拉框
下拉框.options[索引]
下拉框.options.length
查找对象
document.getElementsByName(“r1”);
document.getElementById(id);
定时
timer=setInterval(‘scrollwindow()’,delay);
clearInterval(timer);
UNCODE编码
escape(),unescape
父对象
obj.parentElement(dhtml)
obj.parentNode(dom)
交换表的行
TableID.moveRow(2,1)
替换CSS
document.all.csss.href = “a.css”;
并排显示
display:inline
隐藏焦点
hidefocus=true
根据宽度换行
style=”word-break:break-all”
让英文字符串超出表格宽度自动换行
word-wrap: break-word; word-break: break-all;
框架透明背景
<iframe src=”1.htm” width=300 height=180 allowtransparency></iframe>
获得style内容
obj.style.cssText

自动刷新
<meta HTTP-EQUIV=”refresh” CONTENT=”8;URL=http://www.playes.net”>
简单邮件
<a href=”mailto:aaa@bbb.com subject=ccc&body=xxxyyy”>MailMe</a>
快速转到位置
obj.scrollIntoView(true)

<a name=”first”>
<a href=”#first”>anchors</a>
网页传递参数
location.search();
可编辑
obj.contenteditable=true
执行菜单命令
obj.execCommand
双字节字符
/[^\0-\xff]/
汉字
/[\u4e00-\u9fa5]/
防止点击空链接时,页面往往重置到页首端
<a href=”javascript:function()”>word</a>

上一网页源
asp:request.servervariables(“HTTP_REFERER”)
javascript:document.referrer
释放内存
CollectGarbage();
禁止右键
document.oncontextmenu = function() { return false;}
禁止保存
<noscript><iframe src=”*.htm”></iframe></noscript>
禁止选取
<body oncontextmenu=”return false” ondragstart=”return false” onselectstart =”return false” onselect=”document.selection.empty()” oncopy=”document.selection.empty()” onbeforecopy=”return false”onmouseup=”document.selection.empty()>
禁止粘贴
<input type=text onpaste=”return false”>
地址栏图标
<link rel=”Shortcut Icon” href=”favicon.ico”>
favicon.ico 名字最好不变16*16的16色,放虚拟目录根目录下
收藏栏图标
<link rel=”Bookmark” href=”favicon.ico”>
查看源码
<input type=”button” value=”查看网页源代码” onclick=”window.location = ‘view-source:’+’http://www.csdn.net/'”>
关闭输入法
<input style=”ime-mode:disabled”>
自动全选
<input type=text name=text1 value=”123″ onfocus=”this.select()”>
ENTER键可以让光标移到下一个输入框
<input onkeydown=”if(event.keyCode==13)event.keyCode=9″>
文本框的默认值
<input type=text value=”123″ onfocus=”alert(this.defaultValue)”>
checkbox扁平
<input type=checkbox style=”position: absolute; clip:rect(5px 15px 15px 5px)”><br>
自动完成功能
<input type=text autocomplete=on>打开该功能
<input type=text autocomplete=off>关闭该功能

title换行
obj.title = “123&#13sdfs&#32”
获得时间所代表的微秒
var n1 = new Date(“2004-10-10”.replace(/-/g, “\/”)).getTime()
窗口是否关闭
win.closed
窗口最大化
<body onload=”window.resizeTo(window.screen.width – 4,window.screen.height-50);window.moveTo(-4,-4)”>
无关闭按钮IE
window.open(“aa.htm”, “meizz”, “fullscreen=7”);
统一编码/解码
alert(decodeURIComponent(encodeURIComponent(“http://www.baidu.com/s wd=阿飞”)))
encodeURIComponent对”:”、”/”、”;” 和 ” “也编码
表格行指示
<tr onmouseover=”this.bgColor=’#f0f0f0′” onmouseout=”this.bgColor=’#ffffff'”>

各种尺寸

s += “\r\n网页可见区域宽:”+ document.body.clientWidth;
s += “\r\n网页可见区域高:”+ document.body.clientHeight;
s += “\r\n网页可见区域高:”+ document.body.offsetWeight +” (包括边线的宽)”;
s += “\r\n网页可见区域高:”+ document.body.offsetHeight +” (包括边线的宽)”;
s += “\r\n网页正文全文宽:”+ document.body.scrollWidth;
s += “\r\n网页正文全文高:”+ document.body.scrollHeight;
s += “\r\n网页被卷去的高:”+ document.body.scrollTop;
s += “\r\n网页被卷去的左:”+ document.body.scrollLeft;
s += “\r\n网页正文部分上:”+ window.screenTop;
s += “\r\n网页正文部分左:”+ window.screenLeft;
s += “\r\n屏幕分辨率的高:”+ window.screen.height;
s += “\r\n屏幕分辨率的宽:”+ window.screen.width;
s += “\r\n屏幕可用工作区高度:”+ window.screen.availHeight;
s += “\r\n屏幕可用工作区宽度:”+ window.screen.availWidth;

过滤数字

<input type=text onkeypress=”return event.keyCode>=48&&event.keyCode<=57||(this.value.indexOf(‘.’)<0 event.keyCode==46:false)” onpaste=”return !clipboardData.getData(‘text’).match(/\D/)” ondragenter=”return false”>

特殊用途

<input type=button value=导入收藏夹 onclick=”window.external.ImportExportFavorites(true,’http://www.google.com/’);”>
<input type=button value=导出收藏夹 onclick=”window.external.ImportExportFavorites(false,’http://www.google.com/’);”>
<input type=button value=整理收藏夹 onclick=”window.external.ShowBrowserUI(‘OrganizeFavorites’, null)”>
<input type=button value=语言设置 onclick=”window.external.ShowBrowserUI(‘LanguageDialog’, null)”>
<input type=button value=加入收藏夹 onclick=”window.external.AddFavorite(‘http://www.google.com/’, ‘google’)”>
<input type=button value=加入到频道 onclick=”window.external.addChannel(‘http://www.google.com/’)”>
<input type=button value=加入到频道 onclick=”window.external.showBrowserUI(‘PrivacySettings’,null)”>

不缓存

<META HTTP-EQUIV=”pragma” CONTENT=”no-cache”>
<META HTTP-EQUIV=”Cache-Control” CONTENT=”no-cache, must-revalidate”>
<META HTTP-EQUIV=”expires” CONTENT=”0″>

正则匹配

匹配中文字符的正则表达式: [\u4e00-\u9fa5]
匹配双字节字符(包括汉字在内):[^\0-\xff]
匹配空行的正则表达式:\n[\s| ]*\r
匹配HTML标记的正则表达式:/<(.*)>.*<\/\1>|<(.*) \/>/
匹配首尾空格的正则表达式:(^\s*)|(\s*$)(像vbscript那样的trim函数)
匹配Email地址的正则表达式:\w+([-+.]\w+)*@\w+([-.]\w+)*\.\w+([-.]\w+)*
匹配网址URL的正则表达式:http://([\w-]+\.)+[\w-]+(/[\w- ./ %&=]*)

以下是例子:
利用正则表达式限制网页表单里的文本框输入内容:
用正则表达式限制只能输入中文:onkeyup=”value=value.replace(/[^\u4E00-\u9FA5]/g,”)” onbeforepaste=”clipboardData.setData(‘text’,clipboardData.getData(‘text’).replace(/[^\u4E00-\u9FA5]/g,”))”
1.用正则表达式限制只能输入全角字符: onkeyup=”value=value.replace(/[^\uFF00-\uFFFF]/g,”)” onbeforepaste=”clipboardData.setData(‘text’,clipboardData.getData(‘text’).replace(/[^\uFF00-\uFFFF]/g,”))”
2.用正则表达式限制只能输入数字:onkeyup=”value=value.replace(/[^\d]/g,”) “onbeforepaste=”clipboardData.setData(‘text’,clipboardData.getData(‘text’).replace(/[^\d]/g,”))”
3.用正则表达式限制只能输入数字和英文:onkeyup=”value=value.replace(/[\W]/g,”) “onbeforepaste=”clipboardData.setData(‘text’,clipboardData.getData(‘text’).replace(/[^\d]/g,”))”

消除图像工具栏

<IMG SRC=”mypicture.jpg” HEIGHT=”100px” WIDTH=”100px” GALLERYIMG=”false”>
or
<head>
<meta http-equiv=”imagetoolbar” content=”no”>
</head>

无提示关闭

function Close(){
var ua=navigator.userAgent
var ie=navigator.appName==”Microsoft Internet Explorer” true:false
if(ie)
{
var IEversion=parseFloat(ua.substring(ua.indexOf(“MSIE “)+5,ua.indexOf(“;”,ua.indexOf(“MSIE “))))
if(IEversion< 5.5)
{
var str = ‘<object id=noTipClose classid=”clsid:ADB880A6-D8FF-11CF-9377-00AA003B7A11″>’
str += ‘<param name=”Command” value=”Close”></object>’;
document.body.insertAdjacentHTML(“beforeEnd”, str);
document.all.noTipClose.Click();
}
else
{
window.opener =null;
window.close();
}
}
else
{
window.close()
}
}

取得控件得绝对位置

<script language=”javascript”>
function getoffset(e){
var t=e.offsetTop;
var l=e.offsetLeft;
while(e=e.offsetParent)
{
t+=e.offsetTop;
l+=e.offsetLeft;
}
var rec = new Array(1);
rec[0] = t;
rec[1] = l;
return rec
}
</script>

最小化,最大化,关闭

<object id=min classid=”clsid:ADB880A6-D8FF-11CF-9377-00AA003B7A11″>
<param name=”Command” value=”Minimize”></object>
<object id=max classid=”clsid:ADB880A6-D8FF-11CF-9377-00AA003B7A11″>
<param name=”Command” value=”Maximize”></object>
<OBJECT id=close classid=”clsid:adb880a6-d8ff-11cf-9377-00aa003b7a11″>
<PARAM NAME=”Command” value=”Close”></OBJECT>
<input type=button value=最小化 onclick=min.Click()>
<input type=button value=最大化 onclick=max.Click()>
<input type=button value=关闭 onclick=close.Click()>

光标停在文字最后

<script language=”javascript”>
function cc()
{
var e = event.srcElement;
var r =e.createTextRange();
r.moveStart(‘character’,e.value.length);
r.collapse(true);
r.select();
}
</script>
<input type=text name=text1 value=”123″ onfocus=”cc()”>

页面进入和退出的特效

进入页面<meta http-equiv=”Page-Enter” content=”revealTrans(duration=x, transition=y)”>
推出页面<meta http-equiv=”Page-Exit” content=”revealTrans(duration=x, transition=y)”>
这个是页面被载入和调出时的一些特效。duration表示特效的持续时间,以秒为单位。transition表示使
用哪种特效,取值为1-23:
0 矩形缩小
1 矩形扩大
2 圆形缩小
3 圆形扩大
4 下到上刷新
5 上到下刷新
6 左到右刷新
7 右到左刷新
8 竖百叶窗
9 横百叶窗
10 错位横百叶窗
11 错位竖百叶窗
12 点扩散
13 左右到中间刷新
14 中间到左右刷新
15 中间到上下
16 上下到中间
17 右下到左上
18 右上到左下
19 左上到右下
20 左下到右上
21 横条
22 竖条
23

网页是否允许被搜索引擎机器人检索

<meta name=”ROBOTS” content=”属性值”>
其中属性值有以下一些:
属性值为”all”: 文件将被检索,且页上链接可被查询;
属性值为”none”: 文件不被检索,而且不查询页上的链接;
属性值为”index”: 文件将被检索;
属性值为”follow”: 查询页上的链接;
属性值为”noindex”: 文件不检索,但可被查询链接;
属性值为”nofollow”: 全部不允许。

打印分页

<p style=”page-break-after:always”>page1</p>
<p style=”page-break-after:always”>page2</p>

设置打印

<object id=”factory” style=”display:none” viewastext
classid=”clsid:1663ed61-23eb-11d2-b92f-008048fdd814″
codebase=”http://www.meadroid.com/scriptx/ScriptX.cab#Version=5,60,0,360″></object>
<input type=button value=页面设置 onclick=”factory.printing.PageSetup()”>
<input type=button value=打印预览 onclick=”factory.printing.Preview()”>
<script language=javascript>
function window.onload()
{
// — advanced features
factory.printing.SetMarginMeasure(2) // measure margins in inches
factory.printing.SetPageRange(false, 1, 3) // need pages from 1 to 3
factory.printing.printer = “HP DeskJet 870C”
factory.printing.copies = 2
factory.printing.collate = true
factory.printing.paperSize = “A4”
factory.printing.paperSource = “Manual feed”
// — basic features
factory.printing.header = “居左显示&b居中显示&b居右显示页码,第&p页/共&P页”
factory.printing.footer = “(自定义页脚)”
factory.printing.portrait = false
factory.printing.leftMargin = 0.75
factory.printing.topMargin = 1.5
factory.printing.rightMargin = 0.75
factory.printing.bottomMargin = 1.5
}
function Print(frame) {
factory.printing.Print(true, frame) // print with prompt
}
</script>
<input type=button value=”打印本页” onclick=”factory.printing.Print(false)”>
<input type=button value=”页面设置” onclick=”factory.printing.PageSetup()”>
<input type=button value=”打印预览” onclick=”factory.printing.Preview()”><br>
<a href=”http://www.meadroid.com/scriptx/docs/printdoc.htm static” target=_blank>具体使用手册,更多信息,点这里</a>

自带的打印预览

WebBrowser.ExecWB(1,1) 打开
Web.ExecWB(2,1) 关闭现在所有的IE窗口,并打开一个新窗口
Web.ExecWB(4,1) 保存网页
Web.ExecWB(6,1) 打印
Web.ExecWB(7,1) 打印预览
Web.ExecWB(8,1) 打印页面设置
Web.ExecWB(10,1) 查看页面属性
Web.ExecWB(15,1) 好像是撤销,有待确认
Web.ExecWB(17,1) 全选
Web.ExecWB(22,1) 刷新
Web.ExecWB(45,1) 关闭窗体无提示
<style media=print>
.Noprint{display:none;}<!–用本样式在打印时隐藏非打印项目–>
.PageNext{page-break-after: always;}<!–控制分页–>
</style>
<object id=”WebBrowser” width=0 height=0 classid=”CLSID:8856F961-340A-11D0-A96B-00C04FD705A2″>
</object>
<center class=”Noprint” >
<input type=button value=打印 onclick=document.all.WebBrowser.ExecWB(6,1)>
<input type=button value=直接打印 onclick=document.all.WebBrowser.ExecWB(6,6)>
<input type=button value=页面设置 onclick=document.all.WebBrowser.ExecWB(8,1)>
</p>
<p> <input type=button value=打印预览 onclick=document.all.WebBrowser.ExecWB(7,1)>
</center>

去掉打印时的页眉页脚

<script language=”JavaScript”>
var HKEY_Root,HKEY_Path,HKEY_Key;
HKEY_Root=”HKEY_CURRENT_USER”;
HKEY_Path=”\\Software\\Microsoft\\Internet Explorer\\PageSetup\\”;
//设置网页打印的页眉页脚为空
function PageSetup_Null()
{
try
{
var Wsh=new ActiveXObject(“WScript.Shell”);
HKEY_Key=”header”;
Wsh.RegWrite(HKEY_Root+HKEY_Path+HKEY_Key,””);
HKEY_Key=”footer”;
Wsh.RegWrite(HKEY_Root+HKEY_Path+HKEY_Key,””);
}
catch(e){}
}

设置网页打印的页眉页脚为默认值

function PageSetup_Default()
{
try
{
var Wsh=new ActiveXObject(“WScript.Shell”);
HKEY_Key=”header”;
Wsh.RegWrite(HKEY_Root+HKEY_Path+HKEY_Key,”&w&b页码,&p/&P”);
HKEY_Key=”footer”;
Wsh.RegWrite(HKEY_Root+HKEY_Path+HKEY_Key,”&u&b&d”);
}
catch(e){}
}
</script>
<input type=”button” value=”清空页码” onclick=PageSetup_Null()>
<input type=”button” value=”恢复页码” onclick=PageSetup_Default()>

浏览器验证

function checkBrowser()
{
this.ver=navigator.appVersion
this.dom=document.getElementById 1:0
this.ie6=(this.ver.indexOf(“MSIE 6”)>-1 && this.dom) 1:0;
this.ie5=(this.ver.indexOf(“MSIE 5″)>-1 && this.dom) 1:0;
this.ie4=(document.all && !this.dom) 1:0;
this.ns5=(this.dom && parseInt(this.ver) >= 5) 1:0;
this.ns4=(document.layers && !this.dom) 1:0;
this.mac=(this.ver.indexOf(‘Mac’) > -1) 1:0;
this.ope=(navigator.userAgent.indexOf(‘Opera’)>-1);
this.ie=(this.ie6 || this.ie5 || this.ie4)
this.ns=(this.ns4 || this.ns5)
this.bw=(this.ie6 || this.ie5 || this.ie4 || this.ns5 || this.ns4 || this.mac || this.ope)
this.nbw=(!this.bw)
return this;
}

计算内容宽和高

<SCRIPT language=”javascript”>
function test(obj)
{
var range = obj.createTextRange();
alert(“内容区宽度: ” + range.boundingWidth + “px\r\n内容区高度: ” + range.boundingHeight + “px”);
}
</SCRIPT>
<BODY>
<Textarea id=”txt” height=”150″>sdf</textarea><INPUT type=”button” value=”计算内容宽度” onClick=”test(txt)”>
</BODY>

无模式的提示框

function modelessAlert(Msg)
{window.showModelessDialog(“javascript:alert(\””+escape(Msg)+”\”);window.close();”,””,”status:no;resizable:no;help:no;dialogHeight:height:30px;dialogHeight:40px;”);
}

屏蔽按键

<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv=”Content-Type” content=”text/html; charset=gb2312″>
<noscript><meta http-equiv=”refresh” content=”0;url=about:noscript”></noscript>
<title>屏蔽鼠标右键、Ctrl+N、Shift+F10、Alt+F4、F11、F5刷新、退格键</title>
</head>
<body>
<script language=”Javascript”><!–
//屏蔽鼠标右键、Ctrl+N、Shift+F10、F11、F5刷新、退格键
//Author: meizz(梅花雨) 2002-6-18
function document.oncontextmenu(){event.returnValue=false;}//屏蔽鼠标右键
function window.onhelp(){return false} //屏蔽F1帮助
function document.onkeydown()
{
if ((window.event.altKey)&&
((window.event.keyCode==37)|| //屏蔽 Alt+ 方向键 ←
(window.event.keyCode==39))) //屏蔽 Alt+ 方向键 →
{
alert(“不准你使用ALT+方向键前进或后退网页!”);
event.returnValue=false;
}
/* 注:这还不是真正地屏蔽 Alt+ 方向键,
因为 Alt+ 方向键弹出警告框时,按住 Alt 键不放,
用鼠标点掉警告框,这种屏蔽方法就失效了。以后若
有哪位高手有真正屏蔽 Alt 键的方法,请告知。*/
if ((event.keyCode==8) || //屏蔽退格删除键
(event.keyCode==116)|| //屏蔽 F5 刷新键
(event.ctrlKey && event.keyCode==82)){ //Ctrl + R
event.keyCode=0;
event.returnValue=false;
}
if (event.keyCode==122){event.keyCode=0;event.returnValue=false;} //屏蔽F11
if (event.ctrlKey && event.keyCode==78) event.returnValue=false; //屏蔽 Ctrl+n
if (event.shiftKey && event.keyCode==121)event.returnValue=false; //屏蔽 shift+F10
if (window.event.srcElement.tagName == “A” && window.event.shiftKey)
window.event.returnValue = false; //屏蔽 shift 加鼠标左键新开一网页
if ((window.event.altKey)&&(window.event.keyCode==115)) //屏蔽Alt+F4
{
window.showModelessDialog(“about:blank”,””,”dialogWidth:1px;dialogheight:1px”);
return false;
}
}
</script>
屏蔽鼠标右键、Ctrl+N、Shift+F10、Alt+F4、F11、F5刷新、退格键
</body>
</html>

屏蔽打印

<style>
@media print{
* {display:none}
}
</style>

移动的图层/拖动

1.<span style=’position:absolute;width:200;height:200;background:red’ onmousedown=MouseDown(this) onmousemove=MouseMove() onmouseup=MouseUp()>meizz</span>
<script language=javascript>
var Obj;
function MouseDown(obj)
{
Obj=obj;
Obj.setCapture();
Obj.l=event.x-Obj.style.pixelLeft;
Obj.t=event.y-Obj.style.pixelTop;
}
function MouseMove()
{
if(Obj!=null)
{
Obj.style.left = event.x-Obj.l;
Obj.style.top = event.y-Obj.t;
}
}
function MouseUp()
{
if(Obj!=null)
{
Obj.releaseCapture();
Obj=null;
}
}
</script>

2.<div id=”myDiv” src=”logo.gif” ondrag=”doDrag();” onmouseover=”this.style.cursor=’hand'” style=”position:absolute;left=100;top=100;” onmousedown=”doMouseDown();”>
<a href=”#” onclick=”return false”><h1>wlecome</h1></a>
</div>
<script language=”JavaScript” type=”text/javascript”>
var orgMouseX;
var orgMouseY;
var orgObjX;
var orgObjY;
function doDrag()
{
var myObject=document.all.myDiv;
var x=event.clientX;
var y=event.clientY;
myObject.style.left=x-(orgMouseX-orgObjX);
myObject.style.top=y-(orgMouseY-orgObjY);
}
function doMouseDown()
{
orgMouseX=event.clientX;
orgMouseY=event.clientY;
orgObjX=parseInt(document.all.myDiv.style.left);
orgObjY=parseInt(document.all.myDiv.style.top);
}
</script>

文档状态改变

<iframe src=”a.html” id=”f” name=”f” scrolling=”no” frameborder=0 marginwidth=0 marginheight=0></iframe>
<script>
var doc=window.frames[“f”].document;
function s(){
if (doc.readyState==”complete”){
document.all.f.style.height=doc.body.scrollHeight
document.all.f.style.width=doc.body.scrollWidth
}
}
doc.onreadystatechange=s
</script>

刷新后不变的文本框

<HTML>
<HEAD>
<META NAME=”save” CONTENT=”history”>
<STYLE>
.sHistory {behavior:url(#default#savehistory);}
</STYLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<INPUT type=text id=oPersistInput>
</BODY>
</HTML>

访问剪贴板

(1)拖拽访问
event.dataTransfer.setData(“URL”, oImage.src);
sImageURL = event.dataTransfer.getData(“URL”)
(2)普通访问
window.clipboardData.setData(“Text”,oSource.innerText);
window.clipboardData.getData(“Text”);

操作COOKIE

function SetCookie(sName, sValue){
document.cookie = sName + “=” + escape(sValue) + “; “;
}
function GetCookie(sName){
var aCookie = document.cookie.split(“; “);
for (var i=0; i < aCookie.length; i++) {
var aCrumb = aCookie[i].split(“=”);
if (sName == aCrumb[0])
return unescape(aCrumb[1]);
}
}
function DelCookie(sName)
{
document.cookie = sName + “=” + escape(sValue) + “; expires=Fri, 31 Dec 1999 23:59:59 GMT;”;
}

setTimeout增加参数
<script>
var _st = window.setTimeout;
window.setTimeout = function(fRef, mDelay) {
if(typeof fRef == ‘function’){
var argu = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,2);
var f = (function(){ fRef.apply(null, argu); });
return _st(f, mDelay);
}
return _st(fRef,mDelay);
}
function test(x){
alert(x);
}
window.setTimeout(test,1000,’fason’);
</script>

自定义的apply,call

Function.prototype.apply = function (obj, argu) {
if (obj) obj.constructor.prototype._caller = this;
var argus = new Array();
for (var i=0;i<argu.length;i++)
argus[i] = “argu[” + i + “]”;
var r;
eval(“r = ” + (obj (“obj._caller(” + argus.join(“,”) + “);”) : (“this(” + argus.join(“,”) + “);”)));
return r;
};
Function.prototype.call = function (obj) {
var argu = new Array();
for (var i=1;i<arguments.length;i++)
argu[i-1] = arguments[i];
return this.apply(obj, argu);
};

下载文件

function DownURL(strRemoteURL,strLocalURL)
{
try
{
var xmlHTTP=new ActiveXObject(“Microsoft.XMLHTTP”);
xmlHTTP.open(“Get”,strRemoteURL,false);
xmlHTTP.send();
var adodbStream=new ActiveXObject(“ADODB.Stream”);
adodbStream.Type=1;//1=adTypeBinary
adodbStream.Open();
adodbStream.write(xmlHTTP.responseBody);
adodbStream.SaveToFile(strLocalURL,2);
adodbStream.Close();
adodbStream=null;
xmlHTTP=null;
}
catch(e)
{
window.confirm(“下载URL出错!”);
}
//window.confirm(“下载完成.”);
}

检验连接是否有效

function getXML(URL)
{
var xmlhttp = new ActiveXObject(“microsoft.xmlhttp”);
xmlhttp.Open(“GET”,URL, false);
try
{
xmlhttp.Send();
}
catch(e){}
finally
{
var result = xmlhttp.responseText;
if(result)
{
if(xmlhttp.Status==200)
{
return(true);
}
else
{
return(false);
}
}
else
{
return(false);
}
}
}

POST代替FORM

<SCRIPT language=”VBScript”>
Function URLEncoding(vstrIn)
strReturn = “”
For i = 1 To Len(vstrIn)
ThisChr = Mid(vStrIn,i,1)
If Abs(Asc(ThisChr)) < &HFF Then
strReturn = strReturn & ThisChr
Else
innerCode = Asc(ThisChr)
If innerCode < 0 Then
innerCode = innerCode + &H10000
End If
Hight8 = (innerCode And &HFF00)\ &HFF
Low8 = innerCode And &HFF
strReturn = strReturn & “%” & Hex(Hight8) & “%” & Hex(Low8)
End If
Next
URLEncoding = strReturn
End Function
Function bytes2BSTR(vIn)
strReturn = “”
For i = 1 To LenB(vIn)
ThisCharCode = AscB(MidB(vIn,i,1))
If ThisCharCode < &H80 Then
strReturn = strReturn & Chr(ThisCharCode)
Else
NextCharCode = AscB(MidB(vIn,i+1,1))
strReturn = strReturn & Chr(CLng(ThisCharCode) * &H100 + CInt(NextCharCode))
i = i + 1
End If
Next
bytes2BSTR = strReturn
End Function
dim strA,oReq
strA = URLEncoding(“submit1=Submit&text1=中文”)
set oReq = CreateObject(“MSXML2.XMLHTTP”)
oReq.open “POST”,”http://ServerName/VDir/TstResult.asp”,false
oReq.setRequestHeader “Content-Length”,Len(strA)
oReq.setRequestHeader “CONTENT-TYPE”,”application/x-www-form-urlencoded”
oReq.send strA
msgbox bytes2BSTR(oReq.responseBody)
</SCRIPT>
//readyState是xmlhttp返回数据的进度,0=载入中,1=未初始化,2=已载入,3=运行中,4=完成

组件是否安装

isComponentInstalled(“{6B053A4B-A7EC-4D3D-4567-B8FF8A1A5739}”, “componentID”))

检查网页是否存在

function CheckURL(URL)
{
var xmlhttp = new ActiveXObject(“Microsoft.XMLHTTP”);
xmlhttp.Open(“GET”,URL, false);
try
{
xmlhttp.Send();
var result = xmlhttp.status;
}
catch(e) {return(false); }
if(result==200)
{
return true;
}
xmlhttp = null;
return false;
}

连接数据库

<script language=”javascript”>
//用 JavaScript 写服务器端连接数据库的代码示例
var conn = new ActiveXObject(“ADODB.Connection”);
conn.Open(“Provider=SQLOLEDB.1; Data Source=localhost; User ID=sa; ”
+”Password=; Initial Catalog=pubs”);
var rs = new ActiveXObject(“ADODB.Recordset”);
var sql=”select * from authors”;
rs.open(sql, conn);
shtml = “<table width=’100%’ border=1>”;
shtml +=”<tr bgcolor=’#f4f4f4′><td>au_id</td><td>au_lname</td><td>au_fname</td><td>phone</td><td>address</td><td> city</td><td>state</td><td>zip</td></tr>”;
while(!rs.EOF)
{
shtml += “<tr><td>” + rs(“au_id”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“au_lname”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“au_fname”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“phone”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“address”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“city”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“state”) + “</td><td>” + rs(“zip”) + “</td></tr>”;
rs.moveNext;
}
shtml += “</table>”;
document.write(shtml);
rs.close();
rs = null;
conn.close();
conn = null;
</script>

使用数据岛

<html>
<body>
srno:<input type=text datasrc=#xmldate DataFLD=srno size=”76″><BR>
times:<input type=text datasrc=#xmldate DataFLD=times size=”76″><BR>
<input id=”first” TYPE=button value=”<< 第一条记录” onclick=”xmldate.recordset.moveFirst()”>
<input id=”prev” TYPE=button value=”<上一条记录” onclick=”xmldate.recordset.movePrevious()”>
<input id=”next” TYPE=button value=”下一条记录>” onclick=”xmldate.recordset.moveNext()”>
<input id=”last” TYPE=button value=”最后一条记录>>” onclick=”xmldate.recordset.moveLast()”>
<input id=”Add” TYPE=button value=”添加新记录” onclick=”xmldate.recordset.addNew()”>
<XML ID=”xmldate”>
<infolist>
<info ><srno>20041025-01</srno><times>null</times></info>
<info ><srno>20041101-09</srno><times>2004年10月1日2点22分0秒</times></info>
</infolist>
</XML>
</body>
</html>

获得参数

<body>
<a href=”javascript:location.href=location.href + ‘ a=1&b=2′”>search</a>
<script language=”JavaScript”>
<!–
var a = location.search.substr(1);
if(a.length>0)
{
var re = /([^&]* )\=([^&]*)/g
var s = a.match(re);
for(var i= 0;i<s.length;i++)
{
alert(s[i]);
alert(s[i].split(“=”)[1]);
}
}
//–>
</script>
</body>

可编辑SELECT

<input type=text name=re_name style=”width:100px;height:21px;font-size:10pt;”><span style=”width:18px;border:0px solid red;”><select name=”r00″ style=”margin-left:-100px;width:118px; background-color:#FFEEEE;” onChange=”document.all.re_name.value=this.value;”>
<option value=”1″>11111111<option>
<option value=”2″>222222</option>
<option value=”3″>333333</option>
</select>
</span>

设置光标位置

function getCaret(textbox){
var control = document.activeElement;
textbox.focus();
var rang = document.selection.createRange();
rang.setEndPoint(“StartToStart”,textbox.createTextRange())
control.focus();
return rang.text.length;
}
function setCaret(textbox,pos){
try{
var r =textbox.createTextRange();
r.moveStart(‘character’,pos);
r.collapse(true);
r.select();
}
catch(e)
{}
}
function selectLength(textbox,start,len){
try
{
var r =textbox.createTextRange();
r.moveEnd(‘character’,len-(textbox.value.length-start));
r.moveStart(‘character’,start);
r.select();
}
catch(e)
{//alert(e.description)}
}
function insertAtCaret(textbox,text){
textbox.focus();
document.selection.createRange().text = text;
}

页内查找

function findInPage(str){
var txt, i, found,n = 0;
if (str == “”) {
return false;
}
txt = document.body.createTextRange();
for (i = 0; i <= n && (found = txt.findText(str)) != false; i++) {
txt.moveStart(“character”, 1);
txt.moveEnd(“textedit”);
}
if (found) {
txt.moveStart(“character”, -1);
txt.findText(str);
txt.select();
txt.scrollIntoView();
n++;
}
else {
if (n > 0) {
n = 0;
findInPage(str);
}
else {
alert(str + “… 您要找的文字不存在。\n \n请试着输入页面中的关键字再次查找!”);
}
}
return false;
}
操作EXECL
<script language=”javascript”>
function jStartExcel() {
var xls = new ActiveXObject ( “Excel.Application” );
xls.visible = true;
var newBook = xls.Workbooks.Add;
newBook.Worksheets.Add;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Activate;
xls.ActiveWorkBook.ActiveSheet.PageSetup.Orientation = 2;
xls.ActiveWorkBook.ActiveSheet.PageSetup.PaperSize = 5;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Columns(“A”).columnwidth=50;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Columns(“A”).WrapText = true;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Columns(“B”).columnwidth=50;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Columns(“B”).WrapText = true;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Range(“A1:B1000”).NumberFormat = “0”;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Range(“A1:B1000″).HorizontalAlignment = -4131;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Cells(1,1).Interior.ColorIndex=”15″;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Cells(1,1).value=”First Column, First Cell”;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Cells(2,1).value=”First Column, Second Cell”;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Cells(1,2).value=”Second Column, First Cell”;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Cells(2,2).value=”Second Column, Second Cell”;
newBook.Worksheets(1).Name=”My First WorkSheet”;
}
</script>

自定义提示条

<a href=”#” title=”这是提示”>tip</a>
<script Language=”JavaScript”>
//***********默认设置定义.*********************
tPopWait=50;//停留tWait豪秒后显示提示。
tPopShow=5000;//显示tShow豪秒后关闭提示
showPopStep=20;
popOpacity=99;
//***************内部变量定义*****************
sPop=null;
curShow=null;
tFadeOut=null;
tFadeIn=null;
tFadeWaiting=null;
document.write(“<style type=’text/css’id=’defaultPopStyle’>”);
document.write(“.cPopText { background-color: #F8F8F5;color:#000000; border: 1px #000000 solid;font-color: font-size: 12px; padding-right: 4px; padding-left: 4px; height: 20px; padding-top: 2px; padding-bottom: 2px; filter: Alpha(Opacity=0)}”);
document.write(“</style>”);
document.write(“<div id=’dypopLayer’ style=’position:absolute;z-index:1000;’ class=’cPopText’></div>”);

function showPopupText(){
var o=event.srcElement;
MouseX=event.x;
MouseY=event.y;
if(o.alt!=null && o.alt!=””){o.dypop=o.alt;o.alt=””};
if(o.title!=null && o.title!=””){o.dypop=o.title;o.title=””};
if(o.dypop!=sPop) {
sPop=o.dypop;
clearTimeout(curShow);
clearTimeout(tFadeOut);
clearTimeout(tFadeIn);
clearTimeout(tFadeWaiting);
if(sPop==null || sPop==””) {
dypopLayer.innerHTML=””;
dypopLayer.style.filter=”Alpha()”;
dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity=0;
}
else {
if(o.dyclass!=null) popStyle=o.dyclass
else popStyle=”cPopText”;
curShow=setTimeout(“showIt()”,tPopWait);
}
}
}
function showIt(){
dypopLayer.className=popStyle;
dypopLayer.innerHTML=sPop;
popWidth=dypopLayer.clientWidth;
popHeight=dypopLayer.clientHeight;
if(MouseX+12+popWidth>document.body.clientWidth) popLeftAdjust=-popWidth-24
else popLeftAdjust=0;
if(MouseY+12+popHeight>document.body.clientHeight) popTopAdjust=-popHeight-24
else popTopAdjust=0;
dypopLayer.style.left=MouseX+12+document.body.scrollLeft+popLeftAdjust;
dypopLayer.style.top=MouseY+12+document.body.scrollTop+popTopAdjust;
dypopLayer.style.filter=”Alpha(Opacity=0)”;
fadeOut();
}
function fadeOut(){
if(dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity<popOpacity) {
dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity+=showPopStep;
tFadeOut=setTimeout(“fadeOut()”,1);
}
else {
dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity=popOpacity;
tFadeWaiting=setTimeout(“fadeIn()”,tPopShow);
}
}
function fadeIn(){
if(dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity>0) {
dypopLayer.filters.Alpha.opacity-=1;
tFadeIn=setTimeout(“fadeIn()”,1);
}
}
document.onmouseover=showPopupText;
</script>

插入文字

document.onclick =function(){
var oSource = window.event.srcElement;
if(oSource.tagName!=”DIV”)
return false;
var sel = document.selection;
if (sel!=null) {
var rng = sel.createRange();
if (rng!=null)
rng.pasteHTML(“<font color=red>插入文字</font>”);
}
}

netscapte下操作xml

doc = new ActiveXObject(“Msxml2.DOMDocument”);
doc = new ActiveXObject(“Microsoft.XMLDOM”)
doc = (new DOMParser()).parseFromString(sXML,’text/xml’)

判断键值

<html>
<meta http-equiv=”Content-Type” content=”text/html; charset=gb2312″>
<head>
<script language=”javascript”>
var ie =navigator.appName==”Microsoft Internet Explorer” true:false;
function keyDown(e)
{
if(!ie)
{
var nkey=e.which;
var iekey=’现在是ns浏览器’;
var realkey=String.fromCharCode(e.which);
}
if(ie)
{
var iekey=event.keyCode;
var nkey=’现在是ie浏览器’;
var realkey=String.fromCharCode(event.keyCode);
if(event.keyCode==32){realkey=’\’ 空格\”}
if(event.keyCode==13){realkey=’\’ 回车\”}
if(event.keyCode==27){realkey=’\’ Esc\”}
if(event.keyCode==16){realkey=’\’ Shift\”}
if(event.keyCode==17){realkey=’\’ Ctrl\”}
if(event.keyCode==18){realkey=’\’ Alt\”}
}
alert(‘ns浏览器中键值:’+nkey+’\n’+’ie浏览器中键值:’+iekey+’\n’+’实际键为’+realkey);
}
document.onkeydown = keyDown;
</script>
</head>
<body>
//Javascript Document.
<hr>
<center>
<h3>请按任意一个键。。。。</h3>
</center>
</body>
</html>

禁止FSO

1.注销组件
regsvr32 /u scrrun.dll
2.修改PROGID
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Scripting.FileSystemObject
Scripting.FileSystemObject
3.对于使用object的用户,修改HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Scripting.

省略号

<DIV STYLE=”width: 120px; height: 50px; border: 1px solid blue; overflow: hidden; text-overflow:ellipsis”>
<NOBR>就是比如有一行文字,很长,表格内一行显示不下.</NOBR>
</DIV>

检测media play版本

<IE:clientCaps ID=”oClientCaps” style=”{behavior:url(#default#clientcaps)}” />
<SCRIPT>
var flash=””;
WMPVersion= oClientCaps.getComponentVersion(“{22D6F312-B0F6-11D0-94AB-0080C74C7E95}”,”ComponentID”);
if (WMPVersion != “”) {
flash = “”;
var version = WMPVersion.split(“,”);
var i;
for (i = 0; i < version.length; i++) {
if (i != 0)
flash += “.”;
flash += version[i];
}
document.write(“您的Windows Media Player 版本是:”+flash+”<p>”);
}
</SCRIPT>

图象按比例

<script language=”JavaScript”>
<!–
//图片按比例缩放
var flag=false;
function DrawImage(ImgD){
var image=new Image();
var iwidth = 80; //定义允许图片宽度
var iheight = 80; //定义允许图片高度
image.src=ImgD.src;
if(image.width>0 && image.height>0){
flag=true;
if(image.width/image.height>= iwidth/iheight){
if(image.width>iwidth){
ImgD.width=iwidth;
ImgD.height=(image.height*iwidth)/image.width;
}else{
ImgD.width=image.width;
ImgD.height=image.height;
}
ImgD.alt=image.width+”×”+image.height;
}
else{
if(image.height>iheight){
ImgD.height=iheight;
ImgD.width=(image.width*iheight)/image.height;
}else{
ImgD.width=image.width;
ImgD.height=image.height;
}
ImgD.alt=image.width+”×”+image.height;
}
}
}
//–>
</script>
<img src=”..” onload = “DrawImage(this)”>

细线SELECT

<span style=”border:1px solid #000000; position:absolute; overflow:hidden;” >
<select style=”margin:-2px;”>
<option>1111</option>
<option>11111111111111</option>
<option>111111111</option>
</select></span>

Import

function Import() {
for( var i=0; i<arguments.length; i++ ) {
var file = arguments[i];
if ( file.match(/\.js$/i))
document.write(‘<script type=\”text/javascript\” src=\”‘ + file + ‘\”></sc’ + ‘ript>’);
else
document.write(‘<style type=\”text/css\”>@import \”‘ + file + ‘\” ;</style>’);
}
};

js枚举

function getComputerName()
{
var objWMIService = GetObject(“Winmgmts:root\cimv2”);
for(e = new Enumerator(objWMIService) ; !e.atEnd() ; e.moveNext())
{
var getComputer = e.item();
return getComputer.Name;
}
}

条件编译

<script language=javascript>
/*@cc_on @*/
/*@if (@_win32 && @_jscript_version>5)
function window.confirm(str)
{
execScript(“n = msgbox(‘”+ str +”‘, 257)”, “vbscript”);
return(n == 1);
}
@end @*/
</script>

取得innerText

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=”JavaScript”>
<!–
var xmlDoc = new ActiveXObject(“Msxml2.DOMDocument.4.0”);
var currNode;
xmlDoc.async = false;
xmlDoc.async = false;
xmlDoc.loadXML(“<TABLENAME> 你好你阿三 大法 司法等四 </TABLENAME>”);
currNode = xmlDoc.documentElement;
var s = currNode.xml;
var r = /\<([^\>\s]* )[^\>]* \>([^\<]* )\<\/\1\>/
var b = s.replace(r,”$2″);
alert(b);
//–>
</SCRIPT>

mergeAttributes 复制所有读/写标签属性到指定元素

<SCRIPT>
function fnMerge(){
oSource.children[1].mergeAttributes(oSource.children[0]);
}
</SCRIPT>
<SPAN ID=oSource>
<DIV ID=”oDiv” ATTRIBUTE1=”true” ATTRIBUTE2=”true” onclick=”alert(‘click’);” onmouseover=”this.style.color=’#0000FF’;” onmouseout=”this.style.color=’#000000′;”>
This is a sample <B>DIV</B> element.
</DIV>
<DIV ID=”oDiv2″>
This is another sample <B>DIV</B> element.
</DIV>
</SPAN>
<INPUT TYPE=”button” VALUE=”Merge Attributes” onclick=”fnMerge()”>

——将本页面分享到——

14 thoughts on “Javascript 技巧大全

  1. Anshen

    很喜欢这里的文章。很美,很有意义。

  2. iiswuren

    非常不错,都是一些常用的好东西

  3. LianXue

    有冒关于整个javascript的比较系统的书籍下载啊

  4. aska

    非常感谢,你百年后肯定上天堂

  5. lingguansheng

    好是好,可惜不能用,希望是我不会用,(^^)

  6. 赖皮

    真不错~~~大多都是很有用的东西~~~

  7. 移民火星

    刚开始学,谢谢啦….

  8. 飞絮

    感谢提供,痛哭流涕!

  9. 粉粉点滴

    01010011000111000111111
    眼花了

  10. Flora

    虽然看不懂,不过难得沙发,不容错过。周末快乐!